Data Resources

A lot of data compilations for different insects' unique composition have been published & are available on-line. This often is in chart form tucked in among scientific text so is often not easy to find again later on when trying to recall what report one saw it in. Likewise, the Forum has grown considerably & many subjects have crossed-over into threads that one would not expect to search for bits of data looking for.

If anyone has interesting data from an existing Forum comment that they came across then please cross post the datas' primary source reference title here. Of course you can also use this thread to write out the exact data you find interesting; just remember to give credit to the people who published the specific information .

Comments

  • edited May 2016

    (2013)"Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects", by B.A.Rumpold & O.K.Schluter originally published in Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.,Vol.57 (5) is an impressive data compilation covering a wide variety of insects & their make up. Available on-line as a free full pdf: via Google search engine (bottom1st page ) get it from doc.foc.com; or via Yandex search engine ( 2nd entry of 1st pg. )get it from thepaleodiet.com.

  • Comparison chart for cockroach, beetles, flies, bee/wasp/ant, termite, caterpillar, dragonflies & grasshopper/locust/cricket in (2015) Rumpold & Schluter's "Insect-based protein sources and their potential for human consumption: nutritional composition and processing"; available on-line as free full pdf (various sources via Yandex search engine if not via your favorite search engine).

  • Mealworm larvae 7 different fatty acids' content & 17 different amino acids' content from freeze dried Tenebrio molitor samples in (2016) PLOS (open access) report "Yellow mealworm for food purposes - extraction and functional properties", by Zhao, et.al. Free full text in PLOS ONE Journal ( journals.plos.org).

  • Vitamins E & A, carotenoids, minerals in Tenebrio molitor mealworm, roaches & selection of insects = (2011) "An investigation into the chemical compsition of alternative invertebrate prey", by Oonincx & Dierfeld, 1st published in Zoo.Biology 29 available on-line as free pdf from caudata.org

  • Field cricket Gryllus testaceus various amino acid % of dry weight (+ compared to fish meal's) in (2004) " Evaluation on nutritional value of field cricket as a poultry feedstuff", by Wang, et.al; on-line free full pdf via ajas.info

  • House cricket Acheta domesticus various amino acid % (etc.) in (1986) "Protein quality of the house cricket Acheta domesticus when fed to broiler chickens", by Nakagaki/Defoliart/Sunde available on-line feee full pdf via labs.russell.wisc.edu

  • Stink Bug Encosternum delegorguei composition of amino acids, fatty acids, minerals & flavenoids = (2016) "Aflatoxin Contamination Detected in Nutrient and Anti-Oxidant Rich Edible Stink Bug Stored in Recycled Grain Containers", by Musundire, et.al available on-line as free full text via PLOS One journals.plos.org

  • Black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia ilucens) eat almost anything; data here compares larval amino acids & minerals content from different manure feed. (2005) "Using the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, as a value-added tool for the management of swine manure", by Newton, et.al available on-line as free full pdf via urbantilth.org

  • House fly (Musca domestica) larvae amino acids (+ comparison to soy bean meal), fatty acids & minerals reared on set diet. (2009) " Utilization of house fly-maggots, a feed supplement in the production of broiler chickens", by Hwangbo, et.al originally published in Journal of Environmental Biology 30(4); available on-line as free full pdf via jeb.co.in

  • Palm weevil (larvae, Rhynchophorus palmarum) amino acids, minerals, tocopherols/etc. (2001) "Palm worm: (Rhynchophorus palmarum) traditional food in Amazonas, Venezuela—nutritional composition, small scale production and tourist palatability", by Cerda, et.al originally published in Ecology of Food and Nutrition Vol.40(1); available on-line as free full pdf via bio.unipd.it

  • 12 insects data = (2015) "A systematic review of nutrient composition data available for twelve commercially available edible insects, and comparison with reference values", by C.Payne, et.al originally published in Trends in Food Science & Technology . Author's copy free full text available on- line via researchgate.net (Yandex search engine shows as 2nd listing)

  • edited May 2016

    Food conversion ratio's (FCR) for some insects as cited elsewhere in Forum : Crickets FCR by edible weight insect = 2.1 (diet unspecified) ... & ... Mealworm FCR by edible weight of larvae = 2.2 (diet unspecified, presumably bran) ... & ... Black soldier fly FCR by edible weight of larvae = 3.0 (using chicken manure, higher on pig manure)

    Crickets on a specific diet FCR by edible weight at 37 days =1.68 (diet of 5 parts of "starter" chicken feed + 1 part of rice bran + 5% active dry yeast; density 1 cricket/5.25 sq.cm, 27-31*Celsius, 52-81% humidity)

  • Acheta domesticus, Tenebrio molitor, Blaptica dubia & Alphitobius diaperinus specific kinds of lipids ("fat") that can be extracted. See Table 2 of (2014) Tzompa-Sosa, et al. "Insect lipid profile: aqueous versus organic solvent-based extraction methods", originally published in journal Food Research International, Vol. 62; free full pdf = http://gastronomiaycia.republica.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/investigacion_aceite_insectos.pdf

    The precise kinds & respective content of every different lipid ("fat") molecules in yellow Tenebrio molitor mealworm can be found in Table 3 of Tompa_Sosa, et al. "Fractionation of insect oils: the case of yellow mealworm oil", published (2016) in journal INFORM, Vol.26(7); link (click to open article at upper left of title) = http://www.informmagazine-digital.org/informmagazine/july_august_2016?pg=26#pg26 ... direct link to article (try) = http://www.informmagazine-digital.org/informmagazine/july_august_2016?pg=NaN#pgNaN

  • 8 different tables of different kinds of grasshoppers' composition data can be found in (2016) "Grasshoppers as a food source? A review", by Paul, et. al originally published in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement, Vol. 20 (1); free full text = http://popups.ulg.ac.be/1780-4507/index.php?id=12974

  • Carrot in diet data comparisons for "house" Acheta crickets, "yellow" Tenebrio molitor mealworms, black soldier flies & a cockroache by Oonincx, et. al (2015) "Feed Conversion, Survival and Development, and Composition of Four Insect Species on Diets Composed of Food By-Products", from open access Journal PLOS; free full text = http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0144601

    Since carrots are commonly touted for mealworms here are some highlights. Despite "... high water content of ... carrot-supplemented diets ... (a better food conversion ratio, FCR) ... only evident for the low protein diets... (whose) ... longer development times ... (requiered) ... larger amounts of carrot ... carrot provision decreased development time & resulted in uniform survival rates except for the low protein, high fat diet ... increased survival and shortened development time could be due to the carrot functioning as a water supply to the yellow mealworms .... (&/or) ... β-carotene .... ''

    When reading data from Table 4 bear in mind "CP" = the protein ("P" is not for protein). Table 6 reveals adding carrot changes the specific lipid profile of the 4 kinds of insects on different diets. Quote: in mealworms " ...the n6/n3ratio is flexible ... mealworms accumulate n6 fatty acids more efficiently than n3 fatty acids, resulting in a higher n6/n3ratio in the yellow mealworm compared to their diet .... mealworm had the highest n6/n3 ratio on all diets tested, although carrot provision resulted in a decrease...."

    By the way, in above cited study Oonicyx cites a previous (2015) research by Broekhoven, et. al "Growth performance and feed conversion efficiency of three edible mealworm species (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on diets composed of organic by-products", originally published by Journal of Insect Physiology, Vol. 73. The researcher makes this author's copy available via this free full link (search study name & click on download rectangle under title) = https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dennis_Oonincx/publications

    Authors suspect that because carrot consumption is higher on low protein ("LPHS") diet that is because "... carrot eaten to compensate for poor quality diet ...."

  • Mealworm Tenebrio molitor data at 25°C for average # days in each instar, body length then, number of pupae for different instar numbers & 20 individual instars' photographs = (2014) Bin, et al., "Developmental characteristics of Tenebrio molitor ... in different instars"; originally published in Intntl. Journal of Industrial Entomology, Vol. 28 (1). Free full text available on-line from Open Access Korea, try link as (click on "Main Text" box): 61.85.104.229:8080/oakc/journallist/journaldetail.do?article_seq=13337&tabname=abst&resource_seq=-1&keywords=null

    Authors mention that "... young parents ... highest egg hatching rates ...." Also that for their eggs " ... hardened shells ... after 3-4 days ...."

    Larval body length size " ... maximum in the 17th instar ...." On average 28.32% +/-8.42 % of pupation occurs in instar 17, with the next highest rate of pupation in 16th instar at 21.98 +/-11.4% of pupation. Followed by 19.39 +/-15.94% of pupation in the 15th instar. As per Table 1 data.

  • House fly Musca domestica amino acid & fatty acid data:

    Fatty acid composition for both larvae & pupae of house fly reared on bran & blood, in Table 4 of linked free full (2015) pdf = https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Elsje_Pieterse/publication/260593198_Nutritional_evaluation_of_dried_larvae_and_pupae_meal_of_the_housefly_Musca_domestica_using_chemical-_and_broiler-based_biological_assays/links/0a85e531a9fbd4d7f3000000.pdf

    Amino acid profile for house fly larvae reared on poultry manure, in Table 3 of linked free full (2016) pdf = https://www.reserachgate.net/profile/Sarzamin_Khan2/290481313_Worm_meal_A_potential_source_of_alternative_protein_in_poultry_feed/links/5711289908aeebe07c024036.pdf

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