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Hello, brand new to roach farming here in Ohio, USA. How do I go about finding a place to sell powdered crushed roaches? Thank you for any help with this topic.
Hi MikeRochester, - The remedial benefits of Periplaneta americana cockroach powder are probably little known in the USA & I doubt you can competatively sell to China labs. My suggestion is to process the powder into a concentrate & then market it as an ingredient for it's group of anti-microbial peptides called
"periplanetasins" as a topical ingredient.
If you can get 90% alcohol this is one extraction. For every 1 gr. dried cockroach powder extract it using 6 ml volume of 90% alcohol. This can be done at 80°C (170°F)in a soxhlet extractor (glass element cheap used on eBay, various sizes) since the alcohol will vaporize, condense (used condensers cheap on eBay), cascade over the material pulling along chemical compounds & same alcohol re-vaporizes/condenses/extracts. To maximize extraction re-use the same material in the same method, but for that 2nd running use fresh 6 ml alcohol for every same 1 gr. of cockroach you started with.
When satisfied you got most out of original you can recapture the alcohol for re-use by distilling most of it off & the evaporate residual alcohol to leave behind the "solids". If you gear up to serious production then the alcohol removal & collection of actual "goodies" a rotary evaporator would be the equipment you'd want (not cheap used even on eBay).
Figure you'd ideally get a maximum of 1 gr crude extract after alcohol removal from 10 gr. of dry powdered cockroach. You would ideally want to sterilize that product before cold storage of it if you were going to market as a pharmaceutical ingredient.
For every 1 gr of crude extract re-solubilize it in 10 ml of distilled water. Push this solution through a fine gauge "syringe filter" (different diameter & material sold new on eBay; these screw on the end of a syringe & you push the plunger to expel the "goodie" ) while bacteria get trapped in filter matrix rated for 0.22 microns (wider across "syringe filter" clog less rapidly & save time; you might want to sequentially filter the crude extract through diminishing microns so the more costly 0.22 micron ones do fill up readoly). Finally you have to evaporate off that distilled water to get the actual sterile solids.
There will probably be significant loss of original cude extract if you pass it down to the 0.22 micron compounds, but I am not sure how much weight will get retained (ie: lost to you) above that sterile filtration gauge. Remember alcohol will pull out lots of compounds, not just what you'd consider valuable "goodies" & some things like cockroach cuticle wax probably won't get removed until passes through 0.45 micron filter.
If you want to try a simpler extraction you can do an extract using 60% alcohol + 40% distilled water (put material in glass jars & process like a short time, not weeks, tincture) but re-use the original material a total of 3 times in fresh 60% alcohol + 40% distilled water each time to maximize yield. Then combine all 3 solutions (filter out original stuff) & fine micron filter (can glass jar store extract like this, out of heat/light as "stock", for years since 60% alcohol won't let microbes grow). Of course the ideal end-product would be made by evaporating away the fluids & collecting the solid "goodies".
Everclear alcohol is sold in some USA states, there is 151 proof (75.5 % alcohol) & 190 proof (95% alcohol) - you can dilute any of these with distilled water to get 60% alcohol ( once you open a bottle all alcohol reacts with moisture picking it up. So when you are fussing around with it don't count on what really using is the labeled % ; in other words if diluting down to 60% figure you are beginning with 5% alcohol less than label says & dilute accordingly).
Let's say you made the simpler extract & wanted to make that into a low tech value added topical product.
Ideally you recapture (distill) the expensive alcohol & be left with the water held "goodies"; which you filter sterilize to 0.22 microns. But if for the topical you used 70% alcohol + 30% water (151 proof Everclear or 151 Rum) for extraction ( instead of only 60% alcohol) this would kill bacteria & you could probably skip syringe filtration (obviously do a test to be sure your value added topical doesn't spontaneously grow bacteria just sitting there).
Use a double boiler to evaporate off most of the water & then add that concentrate to an uncovered ceramic "crock pot" of oil (extra virgin olive oil fine) set on "warm" & the water would evaporate leaving behind the "goodies" in the oil. After the oil remains let the "goodies" infuse on "warm" (up to 72 hrs.) & filter out the crude sediment (a good paper coffee filter would be 20 microns) if you have not previously steril filtered the crude extract.
This would give you an infused oil that could be blended in with other oils (non-vegetarian emu oil will make it absorb less greasy or vegetarian sea buckthorn oil worth considering), just olive oil alone is OK - but a bit residual for topical application. Melt your infused oil with ~ 8 % (adjust to desired product firmness) bees wax on "warm" in the crock pot & later pour/spoon it into jars/tins; don't cover when still warm.
This is a salve (you'd need more formulating ingredients to make lotion) & depending on what you intend it for can add certain ingredients. Maybe you can find a niche within the existing bee venom (cosmetic grade sold on eBay) face cream (go light on the olive oil %) market by adding a little bee venom - I heard cockroach extract is marketed in Japan for the face.
For open skin & burns I think the vetenary application, rather than human, could be another possible market. That seems like a tough market to get into & if you live near stables or range livestock probably there would be easier to get product recognition.
It’s probably a good idea for a health-minded food ingredient, but impletation will be everything. You might want to have it used in health foods, but for that the price might have to be higher and therefor the product more of a novelty. Also it hasn’t really been used in health foods in America like cricket flour, so you’d have more trouble. You could make it into high protein bread, I have heard Brazilian scientists had 10% lobster roach flour and 90% normal flour; said to not have tasted weird but had 50% more protein. But if told the bread had cockroach, majority of people instantly turned it down. If you‘re just an ingredient distributor, you probably have to look hard for some new brands in the entomophagy sphere and supply their roaches, or make a brand yourself, which would be very risky and would require very thoughtful implementation. Unfortunately the American public is much less willing to accept roaches than crickets or mealworms, even if roaches are healthier, easier to breed, and not as disgusting as the common pest ones that do give off a smell. A pretty small percentage of entomophages would actually eat roaches, it’s quite a shame really.